Mangrove Forest in India that are open to Tourism

Mangroove Forest in India

Mangrove forests are coastal wetlands found in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. In India, mangroves are found in the states of Gujarat, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Goa, Kerala, and Odisha. Mangrove forests are essential for the survival of local ecosystems, as they provide habitats for a variety of species, buffer against coastal erosion, and filter pollutants from the ocean.


This forests play an important role in India’s coastal regions, as they are a major source of food and income for local communities. Mangroves are also important for protecting coastal areas from flooding and storms, as their dense root systems act as a buffer against storm surge and other coastal hazards. Furthermore, mangroves provide important nursery habitats for numerous species of fish, crabs, and other aquatic organisms.


However, mangroves are threatened by human activities such as pollution, over-harvesting of resources, and coastal development. These activities lead to the destruction of mangrove habitat, which in turn can lead to the loss of fish and other species that depend on mangrove habitat for their survival. 


6 Mangroove Forest in India that are open to Tourism :


Mangrove forests are a unique type of coastal wetland habitat found in tropical and subtropical regions around the world. Mangroves are a critical part of the coastal ecosystem and provide many benefits, including protecting shorelines from erosion and providing habitat and food for many species of wildlife. In India, there are a number of mangrove forests that are open to tourists. Below is a list of some of the most popular mangrove forests in India:


1. Sundarbans National Park, West Bengal: 

Sundarbans National Park

The Sundarbans National Park is the largest mangrove forest in India, located in the delta of the Ganges, Brahmaputra, and Meghna rivers in West Bengal.

It is home to the Royal Bengal Tiger and is a Ramsar Site, meaning it is considered a wetland of international importance.

Visitors to the park can take boat rides through the mangrove forests and spot wildlife, including crocodiles, deer, and birds. 


2. Bhitarkanika Mangroves, Odisha: 


Bhitarkanika Mangroves is a wildlife sanctuary located in the Kendrapara district of Odisha, India. It is the second largest mangrove ecosystem in India, spanning an area of 672 square kilometers. It is home to a variety of species, including the endangered saltwater crocodile, Indian python, and olive ridley turtle. 


The sanctuary is also a haven for a multitude of migratory and resident birds, including the grey heron, open-billed stork, and kingfisher. Bhitarkanika is also known for its dense mangrove forest, which is home to species such as the Sundari, Goran, and Nipa palm. The mangroves also provide a rich source of food and shelter for the local ecosystem, helping to maintain the balance of nature. Bhitarkanika has been designated as a Ramsar site, recognizing its importance in preserving the biodiversity of the region. It is also a popular tourist destination, offering visitors the opportunity to explore its unique mangrove environment and observe the variety of wildlife that call it home.


3. Chilika Lake, Odisha


Chilika Lake is a large brackish water lake located in the state of Odisha, India. The lake is the largest coastal lagoon in India and the second largest lagoon in the world. It is also recognized as a wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention. The lake is home to a variety of aquatic life and is a popular destination for bird watching. Lake is fed by several rivers, including the Daya, Bhargavi, Malaguni and Rushikulya and is connected to the Bay of Bengal. 


It is home to over 160 species of fish and is a major source of livelihood for local fishermen. Apart from fishing, the lake also serves as a tourist destination, with a wide variety of activities such as boating, bird watching, and sightseeing. Chilika Lake also serves as a major source of freshwater for nearby areas and is an important eco-tourism destination. Conservation efforts are ongoing to protect the lake’s fragile ecosystem and the various species of birds, fish and other wildlife living in and around the lake.


4. Kadalundi Bird Sanctuary, Kerala


Kadalundi Bird Sanctuary is a protected area located in the Kozhikode district of Kerala, India. It is a special conservation area for migratory and local birds. The sanctuary covers an area of about two square kilometers and is home to more than a hundred species of birds, including the vulnerable and endangered species like darters, gulls, terns, herons, sandpipers, and kingfishers. Sanctuary also serves as a breeding ground for some of the rare species of birds.


It is situated along the banks of the Kadalundi River and is surrounded by a variety of vegetation, including mangroves, reed beds, and lagoons. This provides a natural habitat for the birds, who can find food, shelter, and nesting spots in the area. The sanctuary also has a few watchtowers, where visitors can observe the birds in their natural environment.


The sanctuary is a popular destination for birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts, and is a great way to learn about the ecology of the local area. It is also a great spot for photography, with stunning views of the river, birdlife, and beautiful sunsets. The sanctuary is open from sunrise to sunset, and entry is free.


5. Pichavaram Mangroove Forest, Tamil Nadu


Pichavaram Mangroove Forest is a unique and ecologically diverse wetland ecosystem located in the southeastern Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The forest, which covers an area of approximately 1,800 hectares, is a major tourist attraction, receiving over one million visitors each year. The mangrove forest is composed of an intricate network of sandy mangrove islands and estuaries, creating a complex network of channels, creeks, and lagoons. Its unique combination of marine and terrestrial habitats support an array of wildlife, including a variety of bird species, reptiles, mammals, and fish. 

Pichavaram Mangroove forest


The mangrove forest is also home to several species of mangrove trees, including Rhizophora, Avicennia, Bruguiera, and Ceriops. These trees are vital to the maintenance of the mangrove ecosystem, as they provide shelter and nutrition for the fish, birds, and other organisms that inhabit the area. In addition to its ecological importance, Pichavaram Mangrove Forest is also culturally significant and is home to several ancient temples, including the famous Shiva Temple. The mangrove forest is also a popular fishing and boating area, and is home to several cottage industries.


6. Malvan Marine Sanctuary, Maharashtra


Malvan Marine Sanctuary is located in the Sindhudurg district of Maharashtra, India. It was established in 1987 and covers an area of 28.80 km². The sanctuary is home to a wide variety of marine fauna and flora, including seagrasses, sea cucumbers, crabs, octopuses, sea stars, and a variety of fishes. Sanctuary is also home to rare species such as the Olive Ridley Turtle, Hawksbill Turtle, and the Leatherback Turtle. 


It is a haven for birdwatchers, as it hosts a variety of migratory and resident bird species. Apart from its natural beauty, the sanctuary serves as an important breeding ground for a number of species, making it an important part of the coastal ecology of the region. The sanctuary is regularly visited by locals and tourists alike, who come to observe its beauty and explore the wonders of the marine ecosystem.


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